Throughout history, people have contributed a lot to society. These contributions have lead to the creation of some of the most iconic landmarks in the world. Here are 5 iconic landmarks everyone must visit during their lifetime:
Machu Picchu – Cusco, Peru
Machu Picchu is one of the best-known archaeological sites in South America. This ancient city was hidden to the invading Spaniards and it wasn’t until 1911, when it was re-discovered by explorers.
Machu Picchu is located 7,000 feet above sea level and it is nestled on top of the Andean Mountain range. This location is famous for its Inca trail, an experience many people call, magical.
Visitors who participate in the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu get an opportunity to reach the tip of Funerary Rock Hut, where they can get an awe inspiring view of all the temples, fields, terraces and baths in Machu Picchu.
Taj Mahal and the Agra Fort – Agra, India
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made out of white marble which was built in Arga from 1631-1648 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, in memory of his favourite wife.
For it’s construction, masons, stone-cutters, in layers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome builders and artisans were employed from all over the middle east. Since its construction, the Taj Mahal has been universally admired by all, as a masterpiece of world heritage.
Nearby, in Agra, you can also find Agra fort, the sister monument of the famous Taj Mahal, which was also built by the Mughals. It has stood there since the 11th century and it was the site of a battle during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, which caused the end of the British East India Company’s rule in India.
Eiffel Tower – Paris, France
The Eiffel tower is an iron lattice tower, located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Named after the engineer, Gustave Eiffel, this building was constructed in 1889, as the entrance to the World’s fair.
Initially, Parisians disliked the building, but since then it has become a cultural icon of France and it is now one of the most recognisable buildings in the world.
Great Wall of China – China
The history of the Great Wall of China spans more than 2000 years. The wall stretches close to 22,000 kilometers, making it the longest man-made structure in the world.
The wall was built to prevent invasion and protect the silk road trade and it served as an integrated military defensive system, with watchtowers for surveillance, fortresses for command posts and beacon towers for communications.
Today, the wall is a major tourist destination and the great wall is easily accessible from Beijing, if you wish to take a tour around the structure.
Pyramids of Giza – Giza, Egypt
The Pyramids of Giza was built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilisations in the world.
These pyramids were built for the purpose of burying Pharaohs when they passed away. There are about eighty pyramids known today from ancient Egypt. The three largest and best-preserved of these were built in Giza. The most well-known of these pyramids was built for the Pharaoh Khufu, which is known as the Great Pyramid.
Next to the ancient ruins, is Cairo, a thriving city and one of the largest Arabian cities in the world. The city of Cairo itself is quite rich in both ancient and modern history, and it’s definitely worth the visit if you ever make your way to Egypt.